What is self-efficacy?

Albert Bandura is credited with advancing the concept of self-efficacy.  According to Bandura, self-efficacy is a person’s belief in his or her ability to successfully perform tasks and to reach goals.  Bandura described these beliefs as determinants of how people think, behave, and feel.

Self-efficacy begins to form in early childhood and continues to evolve throughout life.  According to Bandura, there are four major sources that if acknowledged will strengthen our sense of self-efficacy.

1.   Mastery:  Performing a task successfully.
2.    Modeling:  Witnessing other people successfully completing a task.
3.    Persuasion:  Receiving praise or encouragement.
4.    Responses:  Monitoring favourably our emotional reactions.

Essentially, as self-efficacy improves so does an individual’s ability to perform in such areas as collecting relevant information, engaging in complex thought processes, taking decisions, implementing a plan, and working under pressure.

What is microlearning?

Microlearning is a method of learning, whereby concepts and ideas are presented informally, in small chunks of information, over short periods of time, often at the point of need, and at the point of maximum receptiveness.

What does microlearning have to do with and self-efficacy?

Microlearning is made up of microcontent, small chunks of information, focusing on single definable ideas or topics.  Learning new information, engaging in self-improvement exercises, or focusing on changing behaviours can be broken into microcontent.  Self-efficacy is strengthened as people complete successfully these micro units of information.  Consecutively, as self-efficacy is strengthened, higher learning aspirations will be set.  Additionally; people will find and use better strategies to attain the desired outcome and respond more positively to negative feedback.  It is a winning combination for all.

“It is widely assumed that beliefs in personal determination of outcomes create a sense of efficacy and power, whereas beliefs that outcomes occur regardless of what one does result in apathy” (Albert Bandura)