“Metacognition” refers to a learner’s automatic ability to understand, control, and manipulate his or her thinking processes. A person with well developed metacognitive skills can identify and overcome blocks to learning and can bring learning from off-the-job to on-the-job situations and vice versa.

Metacognition includes

  • Metamemory – knowledge of the memory system and the strategies used in a memory task.
  • Metacomprehension – ability to understand information being communicated, to recognize failure to comprehend, and to employ repair strategies when failures are identified.
  • Self-Regulation – ability to make adjustments in the learning processes in response to perceptions of feedback regarding current status of learning.

Employee trainings emphasizing metacognition skill development

  • Helps employees develop a repertoire of thinking and learning skills.
  • Fosters confidence and independence in employees.
  • Encourages employees to self-regulate their learning.
  • Improves employees’ decision-making and goal-setting skills.
  • Enables employees to self-assess the quality of their thinking.
  • Helps employees to decide which strategies to use in which situations.

Metacognition structured trainings are different from other trainings

  • The training environment is inclusive, positive, and stimulating.
  • Metacognitive thinking is modeled.
  • Employees learn metacognitive skills while involved in learning something else.
  • Employees are guided toward independently selecting, using, monitoring, and evaluating their use of strategies.
  • Opportunities are created for employees to talk about their thinking as part of the work day and to build a thinking vocabulary.
  • Acquisition of metacognitive skills is assessed through the use of a metacognitive skill measurement scale.

Metacognitively trained employees

  • Know what is expected of them at work and how to complete tasks.
  • Can self-evaluate and recognize when they are doing well.
  • Are confident, able to handle stress, and know their strengths/weaknesses
  • Are self-motivated, able to manage time and stay focused.
  • Can set goals, problem solve and make information meaningful.

“Trainers who help employees develop and internalize metacognitive skills
through direct instruction, modeling, and practice cultivates engaged
workers; the effective use of metacognitive skills is one of the primary
differences between productive and less productive employees.” ~ Nancy Morris